Murchison falls

They area also known as Kabalega falls, the  water falls found  within Murchison falls national park on the lower Victoria Nile river

Murchison falls

Murchison falls is the strongest and most powerful water fall in the whole world amazing to watch, also known as Kabalega falls, the  water falls found  within Murchison falls national park on the lower Victoria Nile river in north western Uganda 32 km east of lake albert, the falls are between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the Victoria Nile in the north part of Albert Nile rift valley , The falls are found in Murchison falls national park established in 1952 occupying an area of 3893 square kilometers.

Murchison falls are about 305 km from Kampala which takes 5-6 hours at the top River Nile forces its self from the narrow gorge powering down through gaps of the rocks with a thunderous roar before flowing west wards into Lake Albert. Then the outlet of Lake Victoria send water over the falls

Samuel baker and Florence baker were the first Europeans who sighted the falls and named them Murchison falls lending the name from the surrounding national park they hard named before but during Idi Amin’s regime in 1970s the name was changed to Kabalega falls after the Omukama of Bunyoro Kabalega but later the name was changed back to Murchison again after the downfall of Idi Amin but it’s you can still call it Kabalega falls.

To have a best view of the falls you either hike up the hill to the top as you get the best time to watch birds as well as having a clear view of the Nile and the landscape of Murchison falls National Park. Hiking takes about 45 minutes from the bottom of the falls. When you r each the top of falls it feels good as you feel water droplets falling on your face to cool you off

Hiking to the top of the falls will expose you to devils cauldron which is also called Mother Nature’s wondrous gorge. The gorge is the best view at Murchison falls. At this point you see water trying to squeeze through the narrow gorge with the force at which water fixes through the gorge being too much that it makes vibrations and a thunderous roar thus exposing the beauty of water.

Along Winston Churchill trail you will enjoy the view of the park and the albert delta, you will see birds fly over i.e. Gray crowned crane, Giant Kingfisher, Giant Heron, Shoebill stork, Abyssinian Ground Hornbills, Nightjars, Marabou stork, Black headed lapwing, great white pelican, grey-eyed great cormorant, Egyptian goose among others

Apart from hiking you can as well as use a boat to the see Murchison falls. At paraa you can pay money and board a boat to go view the falls in the morning at 8:30 am and 11:00 am when demand is high then again in the evening at 2:30 pm where you get to view the hippos and crocodiles. Murchison falls has gotten a twin fall known as Uhuru falls which are both referred to as Kabalega falls formed by Nile forcing.

About Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison falls national park is located in the northwestern part of Uganda in the district of Bulisa, Nwoya, Kiryandongo, and Masidi. The park was gazetted in 1952 and thus makes it the oldest and the biggest national park in Uganda. Murchison Falls National park covers an area of 3840 square kilometers.

Murchison Falls National Park falls under the great Murchison Falls Conservation Area that includes Bugungu wildlife reserve, Murchison Falls National Park, and Karuma falls. The park is divided into two sections by river Nile which are named as southern and northern n sections. The park provides many safari activities that visitors do participate in which among others include safari game drives, nature walk safaris, birding safaris, boat cruise, chimpanzee tracking safaris, community cultural tours among other different activities.

Before even it was known by the indigenous people by its name Murchison, when the missionaries who were led by James Grant and John Speke arrived at the East African coast on the Indian ocean in Kenya they continued and visited these places currently covered by Murchison falls national park. This means that john Speke and James grant were the first European explores to visit this area. however later on around 1963 to 1964 saw another European explore by the names of sir Samuel baker and his wife Florence baker visiting there for some good time and until they landed and explore that the ar3eas had falls and these falls were named Murchison falls by the couple in the recognition of the re-known geologists called Roderick Murchison. These attractions have become a major attraction In Murchison falls national park today.

The areas where Murchison falls national park covers were dominantly occupied by the Bunyoro, Acholi, and Alur. These tribes dominated the southern region, the Northeastern side, and the northwestern parts respectively. However, these areas were infected with tsetse flies which caused a lot of harm to these local communities and they were forced to vacate the areas after they suffered from sleeping sickness. It is believed that all the community that was occupying about 13000 square kilometers of land were forced to leave and the areas were left vacant that was in the year 1907 to 1912.

Besides the tsetse flies, the areas were discovered to contain different wildlife species that included animals and unique vegetation species and this prompted the authorities to gazette the areas into the game reserve which was named Bunyoro game reserve in 19210 and this reserve extended in the Southern part of the river Nile covering the areas of Kiryandongo, Buliisa, and Masidi. This reserve now falls under Murchison falls national park. This was done to protect the animals from illegal hunting activities and to conserve the species that were threatened by the presence of indiscriminate human activities. Because of the need, the Bunyoro game reserve was extended to Gulu to cover the present called Nwoya district in 1928 and this formed the Bunyoro –Gulu game reserve.

The presence of tsetse flies that made the areas vacant for human beings made the creation of the wildlife reserve as successful as there were no incidences of human-wildlife conflicts or the local community trying to sabotage the conservation efforts. Still, in 1932, some of these areas as gazetted as the forest reserve called Budongo forest reserve which has lived to be an important research center and a tourism destination up to date.

 With the reviewing of the national park act of Uganda, the Uganda protectorate that British saw a need to upgraded Bunyororo-Gulu game reserve into National park because the game reserve had multiplied wildlife which was attributed to low levels of poaching by the local communities. And thus in 1952, the game reserve was upgraded to Murchison Falls National Park. The Murchison falls national park has become an important tourism destination in Uganda by now and its the  most visited national park in Uganda followed by Queen Elizabeth National Park.

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